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U.S. Trip, 2009


Vacation is over and I am back in Peru so I guess it is time to post an update here. I returned to the U.S. the end of January for two months to visit my family and friends, and of course to do some hiking. Many people ask why I go back to Minnesota to see my family at this time, which is a very good question! It is because January through March is the rainy season here in Peru, and there are few tourists here for hiking and mountain climbing. So, even though those aren’t the months I would chose to be in Minnesota, that is the time I need to do it. I did have a good visit with my sisters and their families, in spite of some cold weather. They even saved lefse for me, a traditional Norwegian holiday food, which they always make before Christmas! I spent about 2½ weeks there in February, until I had to escape the cold and head towards California.

As usual, when driving across the U.S., I pretty much live out of my car, a Honda CRV. There is just enough room in the back to sleep there, alongside of all my stuff. Having a GPS unit hooked up to my laptop, really was very helpful, it was the first time I have used a navigation GPS for traveling, but I’m hooked. Since discovering that most Walmart stores allow RV’ers to spend the night in their parking lots, that has become my campgrounds of choice. Which works out well because Walmart is also my favorite store. I manage to spend enough there that I think it works out OK for them too. The only problem I had was at a Walmart in the L.A. area, where the security guard watched me as I got everything arranged for bed, and then when I laid down came over and told me that I couldn’t sleep there. I said that I had been doing it at Walmarts all over, and even at this same store previously. He said that they only allow those with camping trailers or RV’s to sleep there – sleeping in a regular car wasn’t allowed,even if I was living in it. I asked if there was someone I could talk to about getting permission and he said the store manager would have to approve it. I went into the store, found the manager and she said I could, so that took care of the problem.

On both of my last two trips to the U.S., I have had time on the drive from Minnesota to California and back, to take time to visit and sightsee along the way. I got to see my son in Denver, after waiting a couple of days for him to get back from a business trip that had been extended at the last minute. During the wait, I visited other friends, as well as made another attempt at climbing Pike’s Peak. The third time was not a charm however, and I had to turn around again due to snow, just above Barr Camp. I went south from Colorado Springs, hoping to get warmer weather, but really didn’t find any until I got to Phoenix. There, thanks to recent reconnections through Facebook, I got to see friends that I hadn’t seen since college days at International College in Hawaii, over 35 years ago!

Once I got to California I spent as much time as possible in the mountains, in spite of continued cooler than normal weather, including snow above 5,000 feet on a number of the local peaks, which like Mt. Wilson and Iron Mountain, as well as Ice House Saddle near Mt. Baldy. I hiked many of my favorite trails there, including two trips to the top of Mt. Wilson and back, using four different trails. I also got to meet Augie, (an on line friend of about two years on Summitpost), and we enjoyed getting to know each other on the beautiful hike up to the 8,007 foot summit of Iron Mountain.

While sleeping in my car at Chantry Flats between the two Mt. Wilson hikes, I was woken up during the night by something bumping my car. I tried to ignore it, hoping it would stop but it continued. When I sat up I thought it was a couple of big dogs, but soon realized that there were two bears up on their hind legs, looking into my car, no doubt attracted by all the food I had in there! Banging on the window didn’t scare them away, so I finally had to open a door and yell at them. After looking at me for a moment, they slowly got down and walked away. Too late I thought of taking a picture, by then they were out of flash range and I felt it was best not to chase after them for a photo.

Even with two months, I still ran out of time and didn’t get to see many friends that I would have liked too, but am thankful for the opportunity to see the ones I did, including many at a reunion picnic of our old singles class from what used to be Community Baptist Church. It was there that I was introduced to hiking, mtn. biking, climbing and the other outdoor activities that have been such a blessing in my life for the last 15 years, as well as making lifelong friendships. One of those good friends is Dave Mehaffey, who always “leaves the light on” for me, to rest and clean up while I am in the L.A. Area.

On the return trip to Minnesota, I spent time looking for an affordable retirement “home”, but without much success. I did find some places to park an RV at no cost, as long as you don’t mind not having water, sewer or electricity! I also did some more hiking in the Las Vegas area, northwestern Arizona, and at Zion and Canyonlands National Parks. Near Canyonlands, after a morning snowfall, and hearing the storm forecast for the Colorado mountains, I decided it was time to make a beeline for Minnesota, not wanting to miss my return flight to Peru. Thankfully, with God’s help and 4-wheel drive, I didn’t join the many cars in the ditch due to the snowy and icy roads, and arrived back in Minnesota safely.

I thought for awhile that I had made one too many stops at Walmart, but was able to squeeze everything into my suitcases, and still not go over the weight limit. With another snowstorm forecast for later in the day, I was almost glad my flight left at 6:00 am. I guess as a thank you to my sister Cindy for picking me up at the airport after midnight and getting me back there at 4:30 am, I forgot two pounds of premium cheddar cheese in her refrigerator!

After an extended stay in Lima, again visiting with many friends, I am back in Arequipa, waiting for some clients, before returning to Cotahuasi with them near the end of the month. Ahh, finally having nice warm, sunny weather!


God bless,


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Climbing High, But Not On A Mountain!


On Sunday at church, I had talked with Clemens, a short-term missionary here, about going hiking on Monday. He said he would be going up to the radio transmitter with Brad to help work up there. The station has been off the air for about a week because of generator problems. Monday morning was nice and sunny so I happily set off from my house at about 9:30 looking forward to a nice hike. I was passing by the mission compound so decided to stop in and see if they had left yet. I thought maybe I would ride up with them to the antenna site on the canyon rim and then have more time to explore up there than if I hiked up. There are some old tombs up there that I had heard about but had never seen, so wanted to look for them.

They were just about ready to leave, and had enough room, so I rode along with them. Of course as often happens, there were a number of last minute things, including tracking down the gas station owner at the bank so that we could buy fuel. It was about an hour later that we finally were on the road going up there. I had worked on the antenna site previously but hadn’t been up there since it was finished so I wanted to see it as well. When we got there I found out that they needed to install some lightning dissipaters on the top of the tower. These look like long wire brushes that would be used to clean out stove pipes. Brad was planning on climbing up and when I mentioned that I used to work on poles and towers, he asked if I wanted to help him. Always ready for a climbing adventure, I agreed to do it. The only problem was that I was dressed for hiking in shorts and a T-shirt, not working on the top of a 100 foot tower at close to 14,000 feet elevation.

I put on my long sleeved T-shirt and a light windbreaker and figured I would be OK as it was a nice sunny day. After making a rope harness and attaching a rebar hook to it, we started climbing. It had been about 40 years since I had done this, and as I reached the half way point, I began to wonder if maybe I was too old for it now. The wind was getting stronger (and colder) as we went up and the tower had just enough movement to it to induce a bit of anxiety, especially looking down at the cement wall covered with razor wire down below us. However upon reaching the top and seeing the great views of Nevado Solimana and other mountains covered with fresh snow it was all worth it. We pulled up the lightning dissipaters and looked at what we needed to do to install them. About this time my rebar hook noisily slid a bit on the angled rung of the tower, which gave us both a start, but all was OK. Well, our feet were starting to ache from standing on those same angled rungs and my legs were covered with goosebumps from the cold wind, but other than that all was OK!

It was a little tricky installing the dissipaters, which were like trying to hold on to pin cushions, with the points all sticking out, but we managed to do it and even get a few photos of the process. By the time we were done, our feet were more than ready to be off the tower, as well as I needed to stop half way down to give my hands a rest. When we reached the bottom and were out of the wind, it seemed like a different world, all nice and warm. By this time it was 2:00 pm, we were all hungry and enjoyed our lunch in the warm sunshine. After lunch I went looking for the tombs but never found them, but I still had a nice hike back down to Cotahuasi, arriving just before dark.

Unfortunately they were not able to get the generator running, hopefully the new fuel filter that was ordered will arrive today and that will solve the problem. Please pray that the transmitter will soon be back on the air and for no more problems. If you would like, you can also join me in praying for a miracle. The Claro cellphone company has a tower for their antenna a few hundred yards from our radio antenna. They installed poles and an electrical line to get power from Cotahausi. They weren’t interested in selling us electricity but I am praying that they will give us electricity as a public service, in exchange for a large sign thanking them for their contribution.

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Merry Christmas


Sorry this is late – Hope you all HAD a Merry Christmas!


Peru Update, December, 2008

Well, we’ve already gone from the Thanks to the Giving season, or too often the Getting season. From the economic news of the last months, there will probably be less of all of those this year. I would like to give thanks for all the blessings I’ve received from God and others this year. Adventure Cotahuasi Tours is slowly getting more business. It has not grown as fast I had hoped for, but there has been more business this year than last and I am thankful for that. It has been a blessing to share the natural wonders of Peru with people from around the world, and they have enriched my life as well. Most recently was a couple of busy weeks, spent mountain climbing and on a five day hike to Choquequirao and Machu Picchu in the Cusco area. If you are interested in reading about it, and seeing lots of photos, you can do so at the following link:


In addition to the trip report, you can read more about the trek route by going to “parents” on the left hand side and clicking on “Choquequirao – Machu Picchu Trek”.

When not busy climbing and hiking with clients, I spend a lot of time hiking to keep in shape, which seems to get harder every year. I suppose that has something to do with turning 60 this year. I’m thankful to be healthy and still be able to hike and climb regularly, as well as to have a job doing what I enjoy so much. However I decided this year that I want to be able to enjoy an active retirement as well, so Lord willing I am planning on retiring at age 62, and drawing partial Social Security, rather than waiting until 66. That way I can hopefully continue to enjoy hiking, climbing and traveling full time, instead of just reading about others doing it, or watching them on TV.

A missions project that I have spent a lot of time on has been designing and building solar cookers. Many people here still cook with wood over an open fire. Much time is spent gathering wood, and the houses are filled with smoke from the cooking. We get a lot of sun in Cotahuasi and we want to be able to provide a low cost and easy to make solar cooker that can be used to help make life easier and healthier for the people here. We have a promising design, just need a local source for the materials.

I have mentioned my friend Maribel in numerous past updates, she has also been a partner in adventures, missions trips and my business. We have been wanting to climb El Misti, the volcano towering over Arequipa, for many years. We finally got the opportunity to do so for her birthday a couple of months ago, along with Claudia, another like minded friend. That will be our last adventure together for some time, as she has embarked on a grander adventure, a return to full-time missionary service. She had received an invitation to work at a Christian Institute in Spain over a year ago, and felt it was God’s leading for her life. She applied for a visa to Spain the beginning of this year, but the answer was always “wait until you hear from us” or “you need to submit some more paperwork”. I didn’t think it would ever happen but she continued to believe that God would do the impossible. She finally received her visa in November. I missed her commissioning service while on the Machu Picchu hike, and she left for Spain before I returned to Arequipa. She is happy and excited to be there; and not having to learn a foreign language, is already fully immersed in the work. Please pray for God’s blessing in her life and ministry, and His continued provision for her financial needs.

I have plans to return to the U.S. for two months, leaving here on January 28th and returning the beginning of April. Besides spending time with family in Minnesota, I will be driving to California and back, hoping to see as many friends as possible, and enjoying as much hiking and adventure along the way as time and weather permits. I’m also thankful the price of gas has gone down!

God bless and have a Christ filled Christmas, Vic

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Summer 2008 Update



These were busy months with my adventure business but I did do some missions work as well. I provided transportation between Arequipa and Cotahuasi for two short-term missions teams, one in June and the other in July. It was good visiting with them on the long drives, as well as some during their time of ministry here in Cotahuasi. The second team had too many people (and luggage) to fit in my van so we needed to hire another vehicle. The repair shop where I get my car worked on often has a lot of small Mercedes tourist buses in there, and I know the mechanic that works on those. He has been very helpful with all the odd problems that go wrong with mine so I asked him if he could recommend a good driver to hire. He introduced me to Jorge, who has a 15-passenger minibus. Jorge seemed like a conscientious and trustworthy person so we decided to give him a try. It took both of our vehicles to get everyone and everything transported, which gave me a chance to observe his driving as well. Everyone was pleased with his service, so we used him again to transport a third team that came. His bus alone was big enough for them so I wasn’t needed with that group. We were all more comfortable having someone we had confidence in to take care of that team alone, from start to finish.


My website is finally attracting more business, I had three tours booked during June and July, all had chosen to use my company solely based on finding my website. They also all were very happy with my service and the trekking tours, so hopefully they will provide some referral business in the future. I even got an invite to join the two couples from Austria on a long hike in the Alps! Hopefully that will be possible in a few years. Most of those who come to Cotahuasi continue to be from countries other than the U.S., so I am enjoying meeting people from around the world. I did have another mountain climber from the U.S. who was here in July and we had a great time climbing three Arequipa area mountains. We climbed a new route on 19,872′ Chachani, were able to reach the summit of 20,630′ Ampato, which I failed to do last December, and climbed 19,606′ Sabancaya, an active volcano right next to Ampato. Don’t worry, Sabancaya is resting right now, we only saw occasional small puffs of smoke coming out of the crater. None of them are technical climbs, but all required crampons and an ice axe due to the snow and glacier routes we were on. They were good climbs to build my confidence and skill in alpine conditions. I’m looking forward to more mountain climbing in the coming months with a number of trips planned, both for fun and with clients.


I had an interesting job the middle of August for 12 days, providing transportation for a BBC film crew, they were shooting a kayaking and trekking adventure special here in Cotahuasi Canyon. It was for a reality type TV show that is supposed to air sometime in the beginning of 2009. It was interesting, although boring at times as I was on emergency standby for a number of days, some at home and some hanging around the small village of Huachuy in case they had any problems. I did get called on twice while I was at home, one day they needed more food and supplies, another day I had to go pick up an exhausted crewmember and one of the participants who slipped and twisted her ankle. It was quite sore so we went to the hospital for an x-ray and it turned out she had fractured her fibula! The doctor put a cast on her leg and after many calls back and forth with London, they had a car from Arequipa come and get her. There she went to the hospital again and ended up having surgery to put a pin in the bone as the ligament was pulling on the fracture too much. A couple of days later she was on a flight to London, in good spirits in spite of the more than expected adventure.


On the over four-hour drive to Huachuy, Alcides rode with me and I had a chance to talk with him about his recent accident as well. I had met him at the church when I first came to Cotahuasi, and then after awhile he stopped attending and later moved to Huachuy. About two months ago he fell quite a ways off the edge of a steep mountain trail, I think while hiking at night. Somehow he was found and rescued, and by the grace of God and about 40 stitches in his head, he lived and is recovering. He realizes that God has given him a second chance to follow Him and has turned back to the Lord.


While in Huachuy, I had to make some phone calls from the public phone there, one of the many fixed satellite phones in the rural villages here. I had to buy a phone card from Rosa, the lady who watches over the phone, and while talking to her must have mentioned that I am a missionary here as well. She wanted me to teach her something from the Bible, so we spent over an hour going over the first chapter of John and a few subsequent passages. She was eager to learn and quickly understood the message about the eternal Word, who was with God in the beginning, who made everything that has been created, and who as God the Son, came to earth to live as a perfect man and gave His life as payment for our sins. She and her husband are also neighbors of Alcides and his wife, so I encouraged the two couples to get together to study the gospel of John with a Bible study booklet I gave to Alcides. Please pray that they will follow through and do this, and be able to encourage each other to learn more about God and to walk with Him.


Also pray that Brad and I will be able to find the time to get together and finally make the parabolic solar cooker that we have been wanting to do for months. I got the shiny sheet metal when I was in Arequipa, but we still need to get a few other things, as well as take measurements and draw up the plans.


Giving thanks to God in all things,


PS  If you are interested in more of my climbing stories and photos, please check out my page on SummitPost:
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The Price of Mission Service

As some of you know, in addition to working in Cotahuasi, I also have worked with the REAP South team of the IMB here in Peru. Here is a copy of an email from Arnold Austin, a missionary serving with them.

July 6th

We started the summer out with more than 60 summer missionaries who set on to serve in 14+ different Andean villages. In addition to our village teams, we have a team doing research.  This team’s goal is to go into areas that we have not been, determining if there is a Christian presence and if it is feasible for a church from the US to adopt the areas based on accessibility, lodging, and food.

Until last week the research team consisted of Kristen, Lydia, and Greg, at which point Claudia became the team leader, allowing Kristen to fulfill other responsibilities with our REAPSouth team.

Yesterday, while investigating villages in around Abancay, Apurimac, Peru, the group was involved in a public transportation accident.  The micro bus they were riding in crashed into the side of a mountain.  Greg passed away from a head injury he received.  Lydia has a mild concussion that she is being treated for.  Claudia has a whelping contusion on her leg, for which they are monitoring for clots.

Please pray for the following:

The family of Greg.  He was a recent graduate of Ole Miss in Mechanical Engineering, with plans to start his career at a company in St. Louis upon returning to the US. His family is from the St. Louis area.

Claudia and Lydia, both for their recovery and their emotional state.  They witnessed a graphic death of their friend and teammate.

Kristen, the previous head of this team.  Besides being close to Greg, she recently witnessed the aftermath of a bus accident on another mountainside and was already having trouble with the memory from the previous accident.

Our missionary team, especially Mike Weaver as he is traveling to Abancay today to bring Claudia and Lydia back to Lima and to determine the logistics of getting the body back to the US.

Our almost 60 other summer missionaries as they are slowly becoming aware of the situation and are grieving the loss of such a dear servant.

Thank you so much for your constant, unfailing support.

Pray for all involved in this situation as the Spirit brings them to mind this week.

Thanks and God bless,


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Building and Using a Simple Box Solar Cooker


I don’t remember for sure exactly how this project got started but I was over at Brad and Gina Shaw’s house here in Cotahuasi, Peru, where we work as missionaries. Brad was talking about trying to make solar cookers to help the people here. One of our church members was looking for a new burro to replace his mother’s burro that had died. She needed the burro to haul firewood for cooking. Because Cotahuasi is a large village and a majority of people still use wood cooking fires, the nearby sources of firewood have been depleted. It takes her a full day every week to go and get a week’s worth of firewood. Without a burro, she would have to go oftener and bring back less wood each time; only what she could carry on her back. Our area usually gets eight to nine months of sunshine a year so solar seems like a good option for a supplemental cooking source. Brad also mentioned the need for more fuel-efficient wood stoves, rather than just a fire on the ground with three stones to support the pot.


Brad had seen a large parabolic solar cooker in Tomepampa, a village about 20 minutes away. He suggested we go look at it so we hopped in the car and went right away. The cooker wasn’t at the home where he had previously seen it, but they told us where it currently was and we were able to go and look at it. It was about five feet in diameter, made of shiny sheet metal attached to a framework of angle iron and a parabolic dish made of one-inch wide metal bars. We were told that it cooked quite rapidly and worked well, so we took measurements and lots of pictures to guide us in making one. However we knew it wouldn’t be an immediate solution to the mother’s problem because the shiny metal wasn’t available here in Cotahuasi.


That evening I did some research on the Web to learn as much as possible about solar cookers and hopefully find some plans for building one. I did see a photo of one that looked very similar to the one we saw, but there were no plans for making it. One of the best sites I found was that of Solar Cookers International, based in Sacramento, CA. Their site is www.solarcookers.org and they have many different types of cookers and the plans to make them available as downloadable PDF files. I was anxious to make one right away, rather than waiting until after my next trip to Arequipa where I could hopefully find the materials for the large one we had looked at.


They had smaller parabolic ones, some of them using an umbrella for the parabolic form, others required building your own out of cardboard or wood. The plans that caught my eye were for a box cooker, lined on the inside with aluminum foil and using a piece of glass on top to trap the heat inside of the box. That appeared to be the easiest to build with the limited materials I had available, especially as I could see a large box on a pile of stuff on the other side of the room from where I was sitting at the computer. I excitedly went through the list of materials to see what else was needed. I soon found a big problem; I didn’t have any aluminum foil. They didn’t recommend using glass mirrors, which I knew I could get in Cotahuasi, and aluminum foil wasn’t available. The mission of Solar Cookers International is to promote solar cooking in third world and developing nations, where many people are still dependent on wood fires. The plans had a section on substitute materials that could be used in areas that don’t have access to all of the normally used items. Instead of aluminum foil, it said that aluminized polyester film (Mylar®) could be used, although I didn’t notice the warning until after I had built the cooker. It said not to use it on the inside of a box cooker because it could melt and give off fumes, but neither of those has been a problem.


I knew I had seen some material like that somewhere in my house so I started searching around. I soon found it! Every morning I have a half of a small bag of Angel Zuck Cereal for breakfast. It is available in larger bags but they are more expensive per gram than the smaller ones, as is often the case here in Peru. They are "plastic" bags but the inside is a shiny reflective surface, just like the Mylar balloons that are so popular. I dug through my garbage for as many as I could find there, and then emptied a few more bags into a plastic container to come up with what looked like enough to line the inside of the box. I buy the cereal by the case and now I had an empty cardboard box as well as the empty bags. About this time I came up with the exciting idea of packaging everything needed to make the solar cooker, along with instructions, inside the large cereal box. Then you could give the whole box to a needy family, they could eat the cereal and then make the solar cooker!


I soon realized that this wouldn’t work as you need two boxes, and one has to be larger than the other, along with a piece of glass too big to fit into the cereal box. So I went and got the first box I had seen, it had contained panetone, which is a Peruvian fruitcake, popular at Christmas time. The boxes weren’t quite as big as recommended, but the cereal box would fit perfectly inside the panetone box, leaving room to put the necessary insulation between the boxes. It was now late and I needed to get to bed, but I could hardly wait until morning to start building the cooker.


I had everything I needed now except the glass and the adhesive to attach the shiny plastic to the box. Still trying to make it as simple as possible, so that those with limited resources could duplicate it, I checked the substitution list and was reminded that you could make a paste from flour and water. I started on the construction and all was going well. I used crumbled up newspaper and cardboard scraps to insulate the airspace between the boxes, although it says you can use dry plant fibers, feathers or wool, items most people here would have, but I didn’t. When it came time to attach the plastic foil, I mixed up some flour and water paste and attempted to glue the foil onto the inside of the box. But as the directions also stated, it can be hard to get it to stick. The flour paste didn’t hold it at all so I had to go buy some glue at the stationery store. That worked better but still didn’t hold the edges well, plus there were lots of bumps and wrinkles in the foil. The directions also said not to use tape on the inside of the box, but I had some high temperature shiny foil tape that I had bought in the U.S. so I used that. I use the tape to make ultra light backpacking stoves out of aluminum soda cans (search the web for "Pepsi can stoves" if you are interested). I did feel bad about using something that I didn’t think was available here, but I just saw a similar tape at the new Maestro (Ace Hardware) Home Center in Arequipa.


The only thing left now was to make the lid for the cooker, which takes another piece of cardboard, that came from one of my storage boxes (originally my kitchen stove box). I have a friend who used to have a hardware store here; he came by while I was working on the cooker. He said he would be gone all day but he still had some glass and would cut me a piece when he got home in the evening. However he never showed up and didn’t answer my phone messages. After a few days I gave up and went to the glass shop to get a piece there. The owner was out of town and the shop was closed. It was about two weeks later before he got back and I finally found the store open to get the glass. Finally I finished the cooker, but it was too late in the day to try it out. I was very eager to test it the next day but then we had a couple of unusual cloudy days during our normally sunny dry season.


At last the time arrived, a beautiful sunny day. I decided to keep it simple for the first try and just made plain white rice. I put too much water in it so it was quite sticky, but it worked! It was time for the real test – pot roast. The beef here is not hung and cured, so it is normally very tough. A crock-pot slow cooker works the best for making a pot roast, taking about eight hours on low. It was a perfect test for a solar slow cooker. On my first try, the weather turned cloudy after about 4 hours so I had to finish it in the oven. Then I was busy (and there were a few more cloudy days) so I couldn’t try it again for a couple of weeks. It also isn’t possible to buy roast beef here every day. It is usually only available a few times a week, early in the morning (6 or 7 am) on the day they butcher. I stopped at the meat market and the owner said they would have some early in the morning so I asked them to hold two kilos of boneless beef for me until I got there.


In the morning, after getting the beef and peeling carrots and potatoes, it was 10:30 before I set the cooker out in the sun. I turned the box every two hours or so to keep it aimed at the sun, and brought it in at 4:30 when the sun went behind the mountain (a disadvantage to living in a canyon – late sunrises and early sunsets). It smelled so good and it looked done, just like in the crock-pot. The taste test confirmed success, all was cooked and the beef was fairly tender. On my second try a few weeks later I set the box out in the sun to preheat while I was cutting up the veggies, and then browned the meat in a fry pan like the crock-pot recipe book says, to give it a head start. Again it was good, but not falling apart tender like eight hours in the crock-pot. Looks like I will have to get up earlier next time and have it ready by 9:00 when the sun hits my cooking area.


Besides making a larger, parabolic cooker, I plan on experimenting with more efficient wood burning stoves as well.


If you are interested in making your own box solar cooker, or the "Cookit" a simpler panel cooker, you can download the file SOLAR COOKERS How to make, use and enjoy   10th  Edition, 2004 at www.solarcookers.org .


Happy cooking!

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